by CABPRO Staff
September 1, 1864 – Union general William Tecumseh Sherman laid siege to Atlanta, GA, during the Civil War.
September 1, 1939 – World War II began when Germany invaded Poland.
September 2, 1789 – Congress founded the U.S. Treasury.
September 3, 1777 – The American flag was flown in battle for the first time during a Revolutionary War skirmish at Cooch’s Bridge, MD.
September 3, 1783 – Great Britain signs the Treaty of Paris, recognizing America’s independence.
September 4, 1951 – President Harry Truman made the first transcontinental television broadcast, in a speech officially ending America’s post-WWII occupation of Japan.
September 5 (first Monday) – Labor Day was first observed in 1882 in Boston by the Central Labor Union of New York, and became a federal holiday in 1894.
September 5, 1774 – The first session of the Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia in response to the British enactment of the Coercive Acts in the American colonies.
September 5, 1975 – President Gerald Ford survived a first assassination attempt in Sacramento, CA.
September 6, 1844 – Western explorer John C. Fremont arrived at the Great Salt Lake.
September 6, 1901 – President William McKinley was shot by an anarchist at the Pan-American Exhibition in Buffalo, NY; he died 8 days later, succeeded by Vice President Theodore Roosevelt.
September 7, 1813 – On this day the United States got its nickname “Uncle Sam.” Later the popular image of Uncle Sam was created by political cartoonist Thomas Nast (1840-1902).
September 7, 1977 – President Jimmy Carter signed the Panama Canal Treaty transferring control of the strategic waterway to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
September 8, 1974 – In a controversial executive action, President Gerald Ford pardoned his predecessor Richard Nixon, in an attempt to end national divisions created by the Watergate scandal.
September 9, 1776 – The Continental Congress formally declares the name of our new nation to be the “United States” of America, replacing the term “United Colonies.”
September 9, 1850 – California became the 31st state in the Union.
September 9, 1942 – A Japanese floatplane dropped incendiary bombs on an Oregon state forest – the only air attack on the U.S. mainland during WWII.
September 11 – Attack on America. NEVER FORGET!!! Now known as Patriot Day, a Day of Remembrance for the victims of 9/11/2001, authorized by Congress December 18, 2001 and proclaimed by President George W. Bush, September 2, 2002. Fly the Flag at half-staff until sunset!!!
September 14, 1814 – Francis Scott Key wrote the poem which later was set to music and in 1931 became our National Anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
September 15, 1858 – The new Overland Mail Company sent out its first two stagecoaches, inaugurating government mail service between the eastern and western regions of the U.S.; stagecoaches and the Pony Express were it for overland mail delivery until the first transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869.
September 16, 1940 – The Burke-Wadsworth Act passed Congress, and the first peacetime draft in U.S. history was imposed. Selective Service was born.
September 17 – Constitution Day (or Citizenship Day) – recognizes the adoption of the U.S. Constitution and those who have become U.S. citizens. The Constitution was signed at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia on this date in 1787. It is the oldest written constitution in operation in the world.
September 17, 1862 – The Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest battle of the Civil War, was fought to a tactical draw in Maryland.
September 18, 1793 – George Washington laid the cornerstone of the U.S. Capitol building; it would take nearly a hundred years to complete.
September 18, 1947 – Congress establishes the United States Air Force.
September 22, 1975 – President Gerald Ford survived a second assassination attempt, in San Francisco.
September 23, 1952 – President Richard Nixon, while campaigning as a Vice Presidential candidate, made his famous “Checkers” speech in Los Angeles.
September 24, 1789 – Congress established a Supreme Court, 13 district courts, three ad hoc circuit courts, and the position of Attorney General.
September 25, 1789 – Congress approved 12 Constitutional amendments (The Bill of Rights) and sent them to the states for ratification.
September 28, 1542 – Portuguese explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo sailed into present-day San Diego Bay during explorations of the northeast shores of Mexico, the first known European encounter with California.
September 28, 1781 – The Battle of Yorktown began during the Revolutionary War.
September 29, 1907 – “Singing Cowboy” Gene Autry was born in Tioga, TX.
September 29, 1982 – Seven people in Chicago were killed by cyanide-laced Tylenol capsules; the case remains unsolved.
September 30, 1954 – The USS Nautilus, the world’s first nuclear submarine, was commissioned by the U.S. Navy.
September 30, 1955 – Legendary actor James Dean died in a car crash at age 24 in Cholame, CA. He made just three movies: East of Eden, Rebel Without a Cause, and Giant.