by CABPRO Staff
September 1, 1864 – Union general William Tecumseh Sherman laid siege to Atlanta, GA, during the Civil War.
September 1, 1939 – World War II began when Germany invaded Poland.
September 2, 1789 – Congress founded the U.S. Treasury.
September 3, 1777 – The American flag was flown in battle for the first time during a Revolutionary War skirmish at Cooch’s Bridge, MD.
September 3, 1783 – Great Britain signs the Treaty of Paris, recognizing America’s independence.
September 4, 1951 – President Harry Truman made the first transcontinental television broadcast, in a speech officially ending America’s post-WWII occupation of Japan.
September 5 (first Monday) – Labor Day was first observed in 1882 in Boston by the Central Labor Union of New York, and became a federal holiday in 1894.
September 5, 1774 – The first session of the Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia in response to the British enactment of the Coercive Acts in the American colonies.
September 5, 1975 – President Gerald Ford survived a first assassination attempt in Sacramento, CA.
September 6, 1844 – Western explorer John C. Fremont arrived at the Great Salt Lake.
September 6, 1901 – President William McKinley was shot by an anarchist at the Pan-American Exhibition in Buffalo, NY; he died 8 days later, succeeded by Vice President Theodore Roosevelt.
September 7, 1813 – On this day the United States got its nickname “Uncle Sam.” Later the popular image of Uncle Sam was created by political cartoonist Thomas Nast (1840-1902).
September 7, 1977 – President Jimmy Carter signed the Panama Canal Treaty transferring control of the strategic waterway to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
September 8, 1974 – In a controversial executive action, President Gerald Ford pardoned his predecessor Richard Nixon, in an attempt to end national divisions created by the Watergate scandal.
September 9, 1776 – The Continental Congress formally declares the name of our new nation to be the “United States” of America, replacing the term “United Colonies.”
September 9, 1850 – California became the 31st state in the Union.
September 9, 1942 – A Japanese floatplane dropped incendiary bombs on an Oregon state forest – the only air attack on the U.S. mainland during WWII.
September 11 – Attack on America. NEVER FORGET!!! Now known as Patriot Day, a Day of Remembrance for the victims of 9/11/2001, authorized by Congress December 18, 2001 and proclaimed by President George W. Bush, September 2, 2002. Fly the Flag at half-staff until sunset!!!
September 14, 1814 – Francis Scott Key wrote the poem which later was set to music and in 1931 became our National Anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
September 15, 1858 – The new Overland Mail Company sent out its first two stagecoaches, inaugurating government mail service between the eastern and western regions of the U.S.; stagecoaches and the Pony Express were it for overland mail delivery until the first transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869.